On This Day - 23 October 1918
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Big British attack between Le Cateau and Valenciennes carries line forward one to three miles after stiff resistance; Bruay taken and Scheldt reached.
Heavy fighting by French on Serre and Vouziers fronts.
King and Queen of Belgians fly to Bruges.
Bolsheviks attack Allied position of River Dvina (south of Archangel) and are repulsed.
Croat troops seize Fiume, but are suppressed.
Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres
Turks retire, pursued, 20 miles from Fatha (Tigris).
Naval and Overseas Operations
239,000 tons Allied shipping (including 151,000 British) lost in September (announced).
Mr. Balfour on the Empire.
U.S.A. Note in reply to German one of 20 October.
Impudent German reply re: prisoners.
House of Commons approves of female M.P.s.
Karl Liebknecht amnestied.
Dr. Solf and German War Minister on the situation.
Baron Hussarek still Austrian Premier.