On This Day - 14 October 1917
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Tserel and Arensburg in flames.
Russians guarding Irbek Strait cut off on Sworbe Peninsula.
Naval and Overseas Operations
German warships land detachments on Islands of Runo and Abro (Riga).
British mine-sweeper "Bregonia" and merchant cruiser "Champagne" sunk, 56 lost.
Russian T.B.D.'s repel German effort to force passage of Moon Sound (Oesel Island).
More drastic measures taken in Great Britain to compete with growing shortages of foodstuffs, petrol and coal.
Ukraine declares itself an autonomous nation and claims participation in future Peace Conference.