On This Day - 12 October 1917

Spotlights over Paris Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland.  Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts.  Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles.  Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc.  Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc.  Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters.  Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)

Western Front

British attack north-east of Ypres on six-mile front from French right to Ypres-Roulers railway.  Some progress all alone line, but rain stops big advance.

German attacks repulsed all along French front, notably in Champagne.

Eastern Front

Germans land at Tagga Bay north of Oesel Island (Riga) and on Dago Island.  Part of Oesel Island occupied and traversed to east end; attempt to capture pier on Moon Island repulsed.

Southern Front

Austrian attack repulsed in region of Mnt. Costabella.

Naval and Overseas Operations

Combined German naval and military landing at Oesel Island (Riga).  Russian coast batteries destroyed (German 8 dreadnoughts, 12 light craft, 40 T.B.D., etc.).  Russians ships hinder German fleet entering between Dago and Oesel Islands.

Political, etc.

Count Luxburg is interned in Argentina.

Sir Robert Borden forms Coalition Government in Canada.


On This Day