On This Day - 1 August 1917
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Germans counter-attack, retake St. Julien and regain some positions in Ypres-Roulers railway district.
French gains on west bank of Yser Canal.
Enemy advance on Czernowitz; occupy positions near Bessarabian frontier. Russians retiring east; south of Dniester to Romanian frontier, Russians retiring rapidly. Enemy now holds 50 miles on west bank Zbrucz.
The Pope sends out Peace Note.