On This Day - 12 December 1916

Spotlights over Paris Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland.  Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts.  Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles.  Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc.  Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc.  Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters.  Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)

Western Front

General Nivelle succeeds General Joffre as Commander-in-Chief north and north-east French Armies.  General Joffre becomes Technical War adviser to War Cabinet.

Eastern Front

Fighting continues round Tarnopol and Stanislau (Galicia) and in south Bukovina.

With help of Russians, Romanians rally on the Jalomitsa and south-west of Buzeu.

Southern Front

Fighting near Monsatir (Cherna bend).

Venizelist troops land at Syra which with other Cyclades comes under National Government.

Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres

British feint on Sanna-i-yat, and move on Shatt-el-Hai.

Naval and Overseas Operations

Vice-Admiral Gauchet succeeds Admiral Dartige du Fournet at Commander-in-Chief Mediterranean Fleet.

Political, etc.

Greek Minister in Paris coveys King Constantine's regrets for recent events at Athens.

M. Briand completes his War Cabinet.

German "Peace Note" to Allies.


On This Day