On This Day - 19 August 1915

Spotlights over Paris Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland.  Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts.  Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles.  Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc.  Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc.  Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters.  Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)

Western Front

Germans retake trenches on Ablain-Angres road.

Eastern Front

Fall of Novo Georgievsk.  Russians driven back between Augustovo and Osovyets (Northern Centre).  Germans progress beyond Niemen east of Tykocin.

Mackensen reaches Piszcza and gains ground towards Brest-Litovsk.

Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres

Turks prevent Italians leaving Smyrna.

Naval and Overseas Operations

Liner "Arabic" (White Star) torpedoed and sunk.  Americans on board.

German force landing at Pernau (Riga) destroyed by Russians.

Norwegian mail steamer "Haakon VII" stopped by Germans and mails seized.  Norwegian Government protests.

British submarine "E.13" shelled when aground at Saltholm in neutral Danish waters.

Political, etc.

Reichstag opened; speech by Chancellor.

Bulgarian Foreign Minister resigns.

British forces total 3,825,000, including Colonial troops.


On This Day