Primary Documents - Treaty of Bucharest, 7 May 1918: Articles 10-12
Cessions of Territory
As regards the Dobrudja which according to No. 1 of the peace preliminaries is to be ceded by Roumania, the following provisions are adopted.
a. Roumania cedes to Bulgaria the Bulgarian territory which had fallen to it as a result of the peace treaty of Bucharest of 1913 with a rectification of the frontier in favour of Bulgaria so that the new Bulgarian frontier in the Dobrudja, traced in red ink upon the map annexed to this treaty, will henceforth have the following course: the new frontier of Bulgaria in the Dobrudja begins at a point situated west of the village of Cochirleni on the Danube, in which operation the lake lying to the south of the village of Cochirleni and the brook connecting the said lake with the Danube are allotted to Bulgaria.
It runs through the middle of the lake lying to the south of the village of Cochirleni and through the middle of the pond situated to the north of the Ivrinez Mic, follows the thalweg of the Pestera valley, continues northward of the northern edge of the village Daidia, which goes to Bulgaria, cuts the height between the villages Saidia and Mircea Voda, leads northward of the northern edge of the village Mircea Voda which goes to Bulgaria, then follows the ridge of the height which rises to the east of the village of Mircea Voda, cuts hill 127 (Idris Kiruos), continues in an easterly direction to the wall of Trajan, which it reaches about 2˝ kilometres to the north of point 129, then follows the wall of Trajan to a point situated south of the village Osmancea, and then the thalweg of the valley connecting the villages of Osmancea and Omurcea, runs north of the northern edge of the village Omurcea, which goes to Bulgaria, then in an eastward direction to hill 6 (Pipiliga Juk), cuts this hill and continues in its easterly direction, passing through Orta Tabia and then 1 kilometre to the north of the northern edge of the village Agigea which goes to Bulgaria crosses the highway Constanza-Techirghiol, follows in a southeasterlv direction into the lake located east of the village Agigea, which it crosses in such manner that it issues into the middle of the eastern shore from where it enters into the Black Sea. The map referred to in the beginning forms an essential part of the peace treaty.
A Commission composed of representatives of the Allied Powers shall, immediately after the signing of the peace treaty, determine and demarcate on the spot the new frontier line of the Dobrudja. The Danube frontier between the territories ceded to Bulgaria and Roumania follows the thalweg of the river. Immediately after the signing of the peace treaty, more detailed provisions will be entered into between the two Powers with regard to the determination of the thalweg; the delimitation described in paragraph b will be made in the autumn of 1918 at low-water mark.
b. Roumania cedes to the Allied Powers the part of the Dobrudja situated to the north of the new frontier line described in paragraph a, down to the Danube and exactly between the forking of the river and the Black Sea even to St. George's Arm. The Danube frontier between the territories ceded to the Allied Powers and Roumania will follow the thalweg of the stream. The details regarding the determination of the thalweg must be agreed upon between the interested Powers immediately after the signing of the peace treaty; the delimitation will take place in the autumn of 1918 at low-water mark. The Allied Powers will see to it that Roumania obtains a guaranteed commercial road to the Black Sea by way of Cernavoda and Constanza.
Roumania agrees that her frontier be given a rectification in favour of Austria-Hungary in such manner that the new frontier traced in red ink upon the map annexed to the treaty shall henceforth have the following course: the new frontier begins at the railway cutting to the west of Turn-Severin, south of Dudasu.
Thence it passes at a distance of 400 meters to the west of the last houses situated at the western end of Dudasu, and by the western edge of the locality of Seretu across the J of the inscription on the map of the brook Jidoscita, across the J of the inscription of the locality Jidoscita, across hill 682 D. Matoret (the summit goes to Hungary), then along the highway of the said hill in the direction of Ciresiu, the highway going to Hungary, then by the western edge of Ciresiu, along the country road across the N of the inscription of the locality Jupanesci, reaches the E of the inscription Gornenti, passing through the F of the inscription Costesc, to hill 1333 Mt. Sec (the summit goes to Hungary) and from there in a straight northerly direction to the present frontier between Roumania and Hungary which remains intact up to the point where the brook Craiova enters into the Cserna.
From the mentioned point where the brook Craiova enters into the Cserna, the Cserna itself forms the new frontier up to point A of the inscription Rinceunisora, then the frontier bends to the east and goes across the inscription D. Milano, passes the inscription D. Negoea to the south, crosses inscription D. Seniuleului in a direct easterly direction to the road leading from the Vulcan gorge to the south, which it cuts 600 meters to the south of Buliga, then to the point of intersection of the Ztilv River and the road to the south of the inscription Lainici.
It proceeds directly eastward to the brook Sadu, then along the brook northeast to its source (1 kilometre east of the U of the inscription Stana Prislopu) then directlv northward to the present frontier at point 2529 Vrf. Mandrei, and along the old frontier to 400 meters southwest of V of the inscription Vrf. Ciobavul.
From this point the frontier passes in a direct easterly line by the south edge of Bucolie, south of the inscription Vrf Repede, south of the inscription Ciungetu and of the inscription Par. Latorita. It then follows 400 meters south of the hill 1632 Piscu Moldovisulai in an easterly direction to the confluence of the brook 1 kilometre southwest of R of the inscription Racovita, 2 kilometres south of the place Bolioara, passes the northern edge of Titesti to hill 1248 Zanoaga (the summit going to Hungary), across the U of the inscnption Stana Cioricu, 1 kilometre south of hill 1862 Comarnicul, across the narrow gauge railway 3 kilometres southwest of hill 2000 Mt. Lipitoarea then in an easterly direction across hills 1961,1932, 1576, 1772, 1607, 2338 M.Batrana, 2237, trigonometric point 2379, M. Papusa, 1785, 1411, 1264, 1265, 1074 (all these summits going to Hungary), cuts the highway Campolung-Brasso at the bridge 1 kilometre southeast of point 1074, then proceeds across point 1265 (bridge and summit both going to Hungary) and reaches the present frontier in an almost due easterly direction midway between the inscription Vrf. Santu Ilie and Vrf. Sigluia at hill 1880.
The present frontier up to hill 1909 remains intact; the new frontier then leads from that hill across the second C of the inscription Schitu Pestera Decebal, across the U of inscription Caraimanu, across the B of inscription V. Cerbulni, along the northern edge of Azuga across the second A of inscription Azuga, across hill 1505 which is left to Roumania, across the V of inscription of Vrf. Cajacu, then bending to the southeast 1 kilometre south of inscription Mt. Prislop across hill 1531 (which goes to Hungary), across hill 1128, 873, 1235, l540 (all of which go to Hungary), 1 kilometre south of point 1771 Mt. Grohitis hill 1450 (all these points going to Hungary), then 700 meters south of point 871 of the place named Teleajenul, across point 961 (which point goes to Hungary), 1 kilometre south of point 1340 ( across V of inscription Tartar Havas P.), across points 975, 1486, 1115 (all three points going to Hungary), then onward in a northeasterly direction cutting the highway in the valley of the Podza, 2 kilometres northwest of G of inscription Gura Sirtulni, then across points 1183, 1363, 600 meters south of point 1338, then northeast to within 1 kilometre north of point 789, where it joins the present frontier between Hungary and Roumania. The ancient frontier remains intact up to the point 2˝ kilometres southwest of Popii, then passes in northeasterly direction up to the point 1 kilometre southeast of point 1530, then makes here a sharp turn to the northwest east of point 1530, to the east of points 1521, 1587 and bending to the northeast around point 1490 Mt. Condratu, east of point 950, crossing the narrow gauge railway 4 kilometres west of Lepsa, east of point 1374 Mt. Sboina Neagra, east of point 1014 Mt. Resboiului and crossing the small railway 2 kilometres east of point 508, 1 kilometre east of trigonometric point 1167 Mt. Maguis Casinului, then across point 843, 1 kilometre east of point 737, across point 704, 716, S of inscription Hirsa, the southwest shore of Harja, military post 962, military post 3 kilometres northwest thereof (all aforementioned points going to Hungary) then bending northward across point 1050 Vrf.
Cheschtului (which point goes to Hungary), thence sharp to northwest, north of point 1071 Mt. Cleja along the slope north of point 1108 east of the trigonometric point 1653 Mt. Nemira, passing east of point 1370, crossing the small railway 3 kilometres west of point 479 Poiana Uzului, across trigonometric point 1342 (summit goes to Hungary), passing 1800 meters east of point 682, crossing the railway of the Trotus valley at P of inscription Preluci, follows directly to the east of U of inscription Agasu, across point 1275, 1613 (which points go to Hungary), east of trigonometric point Csülemer 1651, east of trigonometric point Tarhavas 1662, across M of inscription Schimba Garda, east of point 1573, passing east of point 1463 Mt. Mairus, 762 directly west of point 1211, crossing the small railway in the Bicazului valley at its eastern terminal of Tasca, east of point 1245, west of point 932, rounding trigonometric point 1904 Teca (2 kilometres northeast of the highest point) across S of inscription Schitul Ducau, west of point 1080, and crossing the highway in the Bistricioara valley, across G of inscription Grintiesiul, then eastward across point 1145 Frasin, 1021, across C of inscription Farcasa, east of trigonometric point 1086, point 1150, trigonometric point 1534, Monte Bivol, point 1276, points 1208, 975, 1010, 882, from here bending to the northeast to 2 kilometres south of Paiseni across the N of inscription Paiseni, O of inscription Moldava, L of inscription Kornoluncze, across the eastern edge of the place Rotopanesti and the southern edge of Mihaesti, then hill 393 near A of Mihaesti, then the old frontier of Austria in the direction of Roumania to 2 kilometres southeast of the trigonometric point 503 La Zara, then bending northeast across point 305, 281 on the Sereth, the eastern edge of Talpa, the eastern edge of Colinesti, point 396, 402, ˝ kilometre to the east of Dersca, across point 189, 198, 332, 304, Ziehbrunnen 1 kilometre southwest of point 311, the eastern edge of Baranca, the eastern edge of Pilipauti, point 251, to Pruth, 1 kilometre to the east of Lunca.
The map referred to in the beginning forms an essential part of the peace treaty. Two mixed Commissions composed of an equal number of representatives of the interested Powers shall immediately after the ratification of the peace treaty determine and demarcate on the spot the new frontier line.
State properties within the occupied Roumanian territories pass, without indemnification and without encumbrances, but by safeguarding the private rights within these regions, to the State acquiring them. From the fact that these territories formerly belonged to Roumania, there shall, nevertheless, devolve no obligation of any nature whatever either upon Roumania or upon the-States becoming the owners thereof.
Furthermore, the States acquiring the territories surrendered, will, among other things, enter with Roumania into agreements concerning the following points:
- Concerning the nationality of the hitherto Roumanian inhabitants of these territories in which the latter must in every case be granted a right of option and emigration;
- concerning the apportionment of the properties of the communal districts severed through the new frontiers;
- concerning the attribution of the archives, the acts of the judicial and administrative authorities, the records of the courts and the administration as well as the personal civil register;
- concerning the management of the new frontiers;
- concerning the effect of the territorial change's upon the diocesan districts;
- concerning the effect of the territorial changes upon the political treaties.
After the signature of the peace treaty, Roumania will release, upon their demand, the officers and military forces originating from the territories surrendered, and permit them to return to their homeland.
The first zeppelin raid on London was on 31 May 1915. Earlier raids in January 1915 had avoided London. The London raid resulted in 28 deaths and 60 injuries.
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