On This Day - 9 November 1918
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
British enter Maubeuge, approach Mons, capture Tournai.
French surround Mezieres and occupy Hirson.
Polish Government formed at Lyublin.
Romanian ultimatum to Marshal von Mackensen: German troops to leave Romania within 24 hours.
Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres
French occupy Alexandretta (northern Syria).
Naval and Overseas Operations
H.M.S. "Britannia" (battleship) torpedoes and sunk off Gibraltar (40 drowned).
Nominal Abdication of Kaiser.
Flight of Kaiser and Crown Prince to Holland.
Revolution in Berlin.
Prince Max becomes Regent; Herr Ebert becomes Chancellor.
Herr Kurt Eisner assumes Premiership and Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bavarian Republic.
Reported resignation of Marghiloman Cabinet at Jassy; General Coanda to form New Cabinet.
Swiss Federation of Workmen's Unions orders general strike.
Speech of Mr. Lloyd George at Mansion House.