On This Day - 20 November 1917
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Surprise British Advance at Cambrai. Third Army under Lt.-Gen. Byng attacks on ten mile front, between St. Quentin and River Scarpe. "Hindenburg Line" broken, numerous villages captured, over 8,000 prisoners taken.
Failure of enemy attacks along whole front.the coast the Italian navy and British monitors co-operate with land forces.
Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres
Turks stubbornly defend road to Jerusalem.
Conference between U.S. Mission, War Cabinet and Heads of Departments re: America's co-operation in War.
M. Clemenceau makes statement of policy.