On This Day - 9 October 1917
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Third phase of Third Battle of Ypres: Franco-British attack east and north-east. Outskirts of Houthulst Forest taken.
One-mile advance on Passchendaele Ridge, 2,000 prisoners. Enemy counter-attack drives in advance troops south of Ypres-Staden railway on 2,000 yards front.
Keen artillery struggle, north of Chaume Wood (Verdun).
Enemy air activity very marked round Oesel Island (Riga).
Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres
Death of Hussein Kamel, Sultan of Egypt; succeeded by Ahmed Fuad, his youngest brother, born 1868.
Naval and Overseas Operations
German Naval mutiny announced today. Independent Socialist Party involved.
Eleven enemy motor boats reconnoitring near Riga.
North of Lake Eyassi (south-east Victoria Nyanza) last enemy guerrilla detachment captured.
Belgians occupy Mahenge, old German H.Q. in Highlands; 260 prisoners.
German intrigue in Spanish Morocco.