On This Day - 8 October 1917
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Aisne front: both German and French attacks round Craonne fail.
Germans claim to have broken up French attack south-west of Beaumont (Reims).
Naval and Overseas Operations
Russian encounter with enemy scouting-vessels between Oesel Island and north-west Courland.
Railway strike begins in Russia.
Ukraine inaugurates autonomous Government.
Inter-ally Parliamentary Committee commences three-days' conference.
M. Kerenski forms new Russian Cabinet.