On This Day - 12 September 1917
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
French headquarters estimate German losses to end of July at four millions.
Italians hold on stubbornly north-east of Gorizia.
French and Russian troops cross River Devoli (Albanian frontier), driving back enemy twenty miles.
Naval and Overseas Operations
Gulf of Riga still controlled by Russian warships; bombard German batteries on Courland shores
M. Painleve forms ministry.
Russia on point of civil war.
Argentina hands passports to Count Luxburg.
Polish Regency Council created.