On This Day - 1 February 1917
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Near Wytschaete Germans in white overalls attack British positions, but are beaten off with heavy casualties.
Near Grandcourt (Somme) strong enemy attempt to rush British trenches driven off.
North-east of Gueudecourt (Somme) British raid enemy trenches, taking 56 prisoners.
15 miles south of Halicz (Galicia) Germans in white overalls break through Russian lines but are ejected by counter-attack.
Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres
Near Kut, east of the Tigris-Hai junction, British capture all but last line of Turkish trenches, taking 166 prisoners, and repulsing a strong counter-attack.
Naval and Overseas Operations
Dutch S.S. "Gamma" attacked and sunk by German submarine. Dutch Government request an explanation.
Germany's manifesto to sink all ships in the War Zones, taking effect today, causes temporary suspension of neutral sailings. The press of U.S.A. takes bellicose view.
Norway forbids foreign submarines to use her waters.