On This Day - 9 January 1917
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
British take trenches east of Beaumont Hamel (Ancre).
Russian advance between Tirul marsh and River Aa.
Enemy cross River Putna north and south-east of Focsani.
Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres
British carry Turkish positions at Rafa'a (frontier of Egypt and Syria) and defeat relief force; 1,600 prisoners taken.
British take 1,000 yards of trenches on right bank of Tigris north-east of Kut.
Naval and Overseas Operations
H.M.S. "Cornwallis" sunk by submarine in Mediterranean, 13 lost.
"Lesbian" S.S. (Ellerman Liner) sunk.
Resignation of M. Trepov, Russian Prime Minister; Prince Golitzin succeeds.
Allies present ultimatum to Greece demanding immediate acceptance of their demands of 31 December.