On This Day - 23 December 1916
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Hostile activity in Champagne.
Fierce struggle for Moldavian frontier positions.
Russians from Dobruja retire to Bessarabia, leaving some troops at Macin (Braila).
Bad weather last fortnight on Italian front.
Two successful British attacks along Doiran front (Macedonia).
Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres
British capture Magdhaba (Sinai), destroying practically whole Turkish force of 3,000. Further success to the south at Mitla Pass and Abu Aweigila.
Naval and Overseas Operations
Hostile naval night-raid in Straits of Otranto. No material damage.
Count Czernin succeeds Baron Burian as Foreign Minister (Austria).