On This Day - 16 December 1916
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
French take Bezonvaux and Hardaumont. 11,000 prisoners and much war material captured.
Russian positions between Kovel and Lutsk captured.
Romanian front enemy continues advance east and north-east.
In the Dobruja, Russians retire northwards.
Greece: Military evacuation of northern Greece begun under supervision of Allies.
Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres
Continued bombardment of enemy positions near Kut.
British Government recognises "King of the Arabs" as King of the Hejaz.
Naval and Overseas Operations
General Cunliffe's Nigerian brigade reaches Dar-es-Salaam.
Government decides to take over Irish railways, to satisfaction of Irish public.
M. Bratinau forms Coalition Government (Romania).