On This Day - 30 September 1916
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Thiepval ridge (except part of Schwaben Redoubt) all occupied.
Advance south of Eaucourt l'Abbaye.
Falkenhayn in Transylvania attacks the Roter Turm pass.
Romanian 1st Army retreats over Fogaras Mts.
Great battle in Galicia (near Zlota Lipa and Brzezany) commences.
Russians advance in Brody region.
British cross Struma river at Orliak and capture villages left bank.
Towards Florina, Serbs capture Mt. Kaymakchlan (25 miles east south-east of Monastir).
M. Venizelos, Admiral Condouriotis, and General Danglis form Provisional Government in Crete.