On This Day - 19 August 1916
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Heavy fighting on Somme front. British continue to gain ground.
German attacks at Fleury (Verdun) repulsed.
Naval and Overseas Operations
German High Sea Fleet comes out, but retires in face of British forces.
H.M.S. "Nottingham" and "Falmouth", light cruisers, torpedoed and sunk; two German submarines destroyed.
"Westfalen" sunk (?).
Crisis in Greece, owing to Bulgar occupation of Greek territory.