On This Day - 31 July 1916
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Zeppelin raid on east and south-east counties; about 60 bombs dropped. No damage.
Russian advance on the Stokhod towards Kovel. Heavy engagements.
Russians north of Dniester have crossed Koropyets River.
In the Astico Valley (Trentino) Austrian attack on positions of Monte Cimone repulsed.
South-west of Castelletto, Austrian attack repulsed by Italians.
In the Travignolo valley, Italians occupy Paneveggio.
Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres
The pursuit of the Turks from Erzingan (Armenia) continues in the face of a stubborn defence.
Naval and Overseas Operations
British occupy Saranda and Kilimatinde (Central Railway, East Africa).
Prime Minister in House of Commons denounces murder of Captain Fryatt; immediate action contemplated by Government.
Mr. H. E. Duke becomes Chief Secretary for Ireland.