On This Day - 23 May 1916
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
Battle of Verdun: German assault on Thiaumont-Douaumont front and on Cumieres.
Italians retreat between Astico and Brenta and in Sugana Valley (Trentino).
Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres
British occupy El Fasher, capital of Darfur.
Ali Dinar flees to Jebel Marra.
Dr. Bethmann-Hollweg replies to Sir Edward Grey.
Vote of Credit for �300,000,000.