On This Day - 21 December 1915
Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts. Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles. Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)
French success Hartmannsweilerkopf, 1,300 prisoners.
Turks claim evacuation of Gallipoli as great "Turkish victory, heavy British losses". Fact: three wounded.
Naval and Overseas Operations
Mangeles (Cameroons) taken by Colonel Mayer, 3 days' fighting.
Italian destroyer sinks large Austrian ship laden with arms, and rams attacking submarine.
Sir William Robertson appointed Chief of Imperial General Staff (succeeding Sir Archibald Murray - to Egypt).
Success French "Loan of Victory", �560,000,000; British soldiers encouraged to subscribe.