On This Day - 31 July 1915

Spotlights over Paris Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland.  Eastern Front comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Romanian fronts.  Southern Front comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and Dardanelles.  Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc.  Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc.  Political, etc. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters.  Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired)

Western Front

End of big movement lasting ten days, of German troops from Eastern to Western front.

Eastern Front

Germans cross the Aa (Riga), after tow days' fighting.

Desperate fighting and German advance on Kamienka front (Vistula).

Russians ejected from positions near Kurow (Lyublin).

Kholm occupied by Germans.

Southern Front

Riva (and Garda) bombarded by seaplanes, Austrian positions there taken.

Political, etc.

French Note on German outrages at Roubaix published.

M. Radoslavov declares Bulgaria has no intention of joining Central Powers or of attacking Serbia.


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