Who's Who - Max Klemens von Hausen
Max Klemens von Hausen (1846-1922) served as a German army commander during the invasion of Belgium and France during the early stages of the war in 1914. Von Hausen entered the Saxon army in 1866 and served against Prussia during the Austro-Prussian War of 1866.
From 1871-74 he was an instructor at Berlin's military academy before serving on the General Staff for twelve years from 1875.
In command of XII Corps as World War One began, von Hausen was handed command of Third Army for the invasion of Belgium and France in August 1914, and was responsible for the widespread (and controversial) destruction of much of Reims in early September 1914.
Having advanced as far as the River Marne, von Bulow's withdrawal of his Second Army in the wake of the Allied counterattack during the First Battle of the Marne in September 1914, left Third Army's right flank exposed, prompting von Hausen in turn to authorise his own withdrawal.
Once the German retreat had stabilised on the Aisne von Hausen was relieved of command and replaced by Karl von Einem.
He died in 1922.
A bunker comprised a fortification largely built below ground level.
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